Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church as an Object of the Eastern Policy of the Vatican in the Context of Catholic-Orthodox Relations


  • Petro Yarotskiy



Until the mid-twentieth century, the Catholic Church did not recognize the principle of religious freedom, and hence the freedom of conscience. That is why her attitude to other religions, especially Christian churches, was based on the ecclesial and soteriological exclusivism "Extra Ecclesiam Romanam nulla salus" - "Out of the Roman Church there is no salvation." The Second Vatican Council (1962-1965) approved the "Decree on Religious Freedom", which opened the way for dialogue with other religions and ecumenism with Christian churches, especially the Orthodox.