Religious situation and problems of freedom of religion and belief in Kazakhstan
In the situation with Kazakhstan, first of all, it is necessary to determine the starting point: October 2011. It was at this time that a new (second in post-Soviet history) law on religious issues (the “Law of 2011”) was adopted. It is very indicative of how he was taken: everything looked like a secret operation, quickly, without noise, long discussions and approvals. The fact is that several attempts of legislative initiatives in the field of regulating religious activities in the 2000s failed, including because of the negative reaction of local and foreign human rights organizations, international organizations and even individual states. The government, taught by such experience, immediately after the chairmanship of Kazakhstan in the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe in 2010, promptly drafted a new law, the adoption of which should have been provided by the Agency for Religious Affairs, specially created in the same year.