As for the control of religious freedom or the types of religious examination of new religious movements


  • Vitaliy Solovyov



When today the issues of control over religious freedom are raised, then the question immediately arises, in what plane should the problem considered here be. The concept of religious scholarly examination first appeared due to Tikhonravov Yu.V179. However, his analysis of primary sources found that such a procedure already existed in tsarist Russia as "spiritual expertise". And although AM Bobrishchev-Pushkin, describing the problems of this procedure, calls it a book in his book, then "spiritual examination", then - in another place - "religious examination", which is a bit strange for a lawyer, since jurisprudence requires a clear use of concepts, but here it is still said the possible existence of various types of religious scholarly examination. The question then arises: what are the reasons (criteria) to be put to allocate its species? To answer it, we need to find out what components make up the concept. Classically accepted consideration of the issue is to conduct in the plane of relations of religion and law, which gives rise to two types of control of religious freedom on the basis of "religious police" and "police religion".