Axiological challenges of the individual religiosity of the Orthodox believer in conditions of religious freedom and freedom of conscience


  • Hanna Kulagina-Stadnichenko



Today, researchers are increasingly concerned about the loss of humanity's landmarks of their development, which, naturally, leads to attempts to realize the goals and meanings of being an individual through the religious motivation of the formation of his outlook. In the XXI century, for the first time, the existential states of man, that is, his life's self-determination and election, not only became the object of conceptual reflection, but also acquired a qualitatively new metaphysical status, in contrast to the traditional one, became the subject of another, existential, method of philosophizing. System-forming concepts of a new type of reflection have become "man", "existence", "personality", "consciousness" instead of earlier established categories of "world", "being", "essence". As a result, world events are now interpreted as subjective or radically dependent on the subject. From this perspective, the analysis of the existentialities of human existence (in particular, the phenomena of freedom, love, holiness), the elucidation and realization of their heuristic, ontological, epistemological, and methodological potential of Orthodoxy - seems to be a very topical task.