Confessional factor in the conditions of globalization


  • Anatolii M. Kolodnyi 



The Krakow Scientific Conference of Religious Studies in December 2014 was held at Jagiellonian University under the general title "Religion in the Context of Globalization." In her author of this article, he was moderating the section "Multidimensionality of the religious situation in the modern world: a comparative analysis of the main tendencies of its development in confessionally different countries." Reflecting on the role of religion and its organizations in the context of world history, I came to a sad conclusion: religion itself has become the most destructive factor of social life for many centuries and destabilizes the world's historical process, the source of many wars. The Protestant movement, initiated in 1910, aimed at the attainment of the unity of Christian churches, did not gain the result that was oriented. It is surprising, in particular, that in its organizational structures, in general, sympathetic to ecumenism, did not include Catholics, but at the same time, being a member of the World Council of Churches, the Orthodox Churches, most notably the Church of the Moscow Patriarchate, are most opposed to Christian unity.