Church and religious situation in the Ukraine: Trends 2019 - request for extension of questionnaires for sociological surveys

Authors

  • Oksana Horkusha ВР ІФ НАНУ

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.32420/rs.2020.24.1778

Keywords:

Religion, Church, State, religious identity, denominational identity, ecclesiastical identity, civil identity, Sociological polls, Religious situation in Ukraine, sociological surveys, state-church relations of Ukraine, trends 2019

Abstract

Recently the Razumkov Center published new sociological data “State and Church in Ukraine - 2019: results of the year and prospects of relations development” and organized a round table on “Religion and power in Ukraine: problems of relations”. This sociological data is an extremely important fixation of the empirical indicators of the religious situation in contemporary Ukraine. Analyzing them, we can see a clear correlation between faith, religious and church affiliation, and the experience and position of those interviewed. However, for further in-depth understanding of how religious and denominational identity and church affiliation correlate with event experience, prevailing historiographical discourse, life position, and civic consciousness, it would be worthwhile to expand the questionnaires. Undoubtedly, religion is a significant factor in shaping Ukraine's future. Especially the influence of church affiliation on social reality is noticeable in the situation of armed aggression against Ukraine of the Russian Federation, which does not neglect to use as a weapon in the information war a religious sermon in the temples of the subordinate Moscow center of the church. That is why it is so important to systematically monitor the correlation of religious and ecclesiastical affiliations with world-view parameters and real events in the context of which transformations of the religious situation and socio-state-church relations take place.Current trends in religious change clearly include factors that are reflected in sociological research (such as a decline in the Church's recognition of moral authority is an indication of the spread and affirmation of secular tendencies and the activation of secular ideology in conjunction with cultural and world-view circumstances of the Church. and confessions turned out to be unsolicited, irrelevant, ineffective, incompetent, etc.) and factors that went unaddressed due to the fact that previous questionnaires did not contain questions that Anish not issued to date. Therefore, it is time to complete the questionnaires to explain the jumps unexpected in terms of previous sociological data.

The information age updates additional parameters: here it is necessary to find out the relation of religious, civil, state systems with the information environment, to understand how specific information flows influence the spread of confessional, religious, civilizational and other discourses. Another block of issues that need to be covered in future polls is to find out the level, form and type of religiosity not only in relation to religious, denominational and ecclesiastical affiliations, but also in the value-meaning parameters of the consciousness of believers / non-believers in Ukraine.

After all, religion is not only a religious activity, which is evidenced in the attendance at worship and financial support of the church, but also a vital position in accordance with the values and guidelines of the basic religion / denomination / church. Under these circumstances, a partial decrease in trust in the church as a moral authority will also be understandable. What will be manifested is the type of consciousness of the "Soviet human" brought up during the totalitarian-Soviet era. We assume that the transformation of the ideology of militant secularism into a quasi-religion of vulgar utilitarianism can partly explain the current world outlook in Ukraine.

References

Horkusha, O. (2017a) Interfaith Dialogue in Contemporary Ukraine. In Ukrainian religious studies. Bulletin of the Ukrainian Association of Religious Experts and Branch of Religious Studies of the GS Skovoroda Institute of Philosophy, NAS of Ukraine № 83. Kiev. (pp.45-60)

Horkusha, O. (2017b) Christian Churches of Independent Ukraine in Their Functionality at the Cross-section of Civic and Church Identity. In Functionality of Religion: The Ukrainian Context. Monograph. Edited by Professors A. Kolodnyi and L. Fylypovych. Kyiv-UAAR-2017. (pp. 150-204).

Public opinion: 2013 results. (December 27, 2013) Ilko Kucheriv Democratic Initiatives Foundation. Retrieved from: https://dif.org.ua/article/gromadska-dumka-pidsumki-2013-roku

The State and the Church in Ukraine - 2019: Results of the year and prospects for the development of relations (information materials). (2019) Razumkov Center Library. Information materials prepared for the regular session of the permanent roundtable "Religion and Power in Ukraine: Relationship Issues" on November 14, 2019 with the assistance of the Konrad Adenauer Foundation Representation in Ukraine. Kyiv-2019. 70 p.

The State and the Church in Ukraine-2019: results of the year and prospects for the development of relations (information materials) At Razumkov Center. Retrieved from: http://razumkov.org.ua/uploads/article/2019_Religiya.pdf

The confidence of Ukrainian citizens in public institutions. (July 06, 2018) Razumkov Center. Retrieved from: http://razumkov.org.ua/napriamky/sotsiologichni-doslidzhennia/dovira-hromadian-ukrainy-do-suspilnykh-instytutiv

The confidence of Ukrainian citizens in public institutions. (2018) Razumkov Center. Retrieved from: http://razumkov.org.ua/uploads/socio/2018_06_press_release_en.pdf

Bekeshkina Iryna (2019) Ukrainians need to be trusted, they are not a priori. Interview with the Ilko Kucheriv Democratic Initiatives Foundation, January 8, 2019. Retrieved from: https://dif.org.ua/article/irina-bekeshkina-doviru-ukraintsiv-treba-zasluzhiti-vona-u-nas-ne- apriorna

Round Table "Features of Religious and Church-Religious Self-Determination of Ukrainian Citizens: Trends 2010-2018." The Razumkov Center. Retrieved from: http://razumkov.org.ua/novyny/kruhlyi-stil-osoblyvosti-relihiinoho-i-tserkovnorelihiinoho-samovyznachennia-ukrainskykh-hromadian-tendentsii-20102018rr

Roundtable "Religion and Power in Ukraine: Relationship Problems". (2019) In Razumkov Center. Retrieved from: http://razumkov.org.ua/novyny/kruglyi-stil-religiia-i-vlada-v-ukraini-problemy-vzaiemovidnosyn

Melnyk Olena (December 21, 2018) Poll: In 5 years, Ukrainians have twice as much confidence in the army, but have lost power in the authorities, police and judges. theBabel. Retrieved from: https://thebabel.com.ua/news/23414-opituvannya-za-5-rokiv-ukrajinci-vdvichi-bilshe-doviryayut-armiji-ale-zneviris-u-vladi-policiji-ta-suddyah

Most of all Ukrainians trust volunteers, the Church and the military (October 24, 2017). RICE. Retrieved from: https://risu.org.ua/en/index/all_news/community/social_questioning/68726/

Features of religious and church-religious self-determination of Ukrainian citizens: trends 2010-2018. (background material) Retrieved from: http://razumkov.org.ua/uploads/article/2018_Religiya.pdf

Assessment by the citizens of the situation in the country and the activities of the authorities (September 17, 2019) At Razumkov Center. Retrieved from: http://razumkov.org.ua/napriamky/sotsiologichni-doslidzhennia/otsinka-gromadianamy-sytuatsii-v-kraini-ta-diialnosti-vlady

Citizens' assessment of the situation in the country and the activities of the authorities, the level of trust in social institutions and politicians. (November 14, 2019) At Razumkov Center. Retrieved from: http://razumkov.org.ua/napriamky/sotsiologichni-doslidzhennia/otsinka-gromadianamy-sytuatsii-v-kraini-ta-diialnosti-vlady-riven-doviry-do-sotsialnykh-instytutiv-ta-politykiv-2

Citizens' assessment of the situation in the country and the activities of the authorities, the level of trust in social institutions and politicians. (October 11, 2019) The Razumkov Center. Retrieved from: http://razumkov.org.ua/napriamky/sotsiologichni-doslidzhennia/otsinka-gromadianamy-sytuatsii-v-kraini-ta-diialnosti-vlady-riven-doviry-do-sotsialnykh-instytutiv-ta-politykiv

Sociologists, after trust in society, came second after the church. At the same time, Ukrainians trust them more than politicians and the media. (May 31, 2012). The Ilko Kucheriv Democratic Initiatives Foundation. Retrieved from: https://dif.org.ua/article/sotsiologi-za-doviroyu-v-suspilstvi-posili-druge-mistse-pislya-tserkvi-vodnochas-im-ukraintsi-doviryayut-bilshe-nizh-politikam- i-zmi

Ukrainians most trust the volunteers, security officers and the Church (May 13, 2016) at RISU. Retrieved from: https://risu.org.ua/en/index/all_news/community/social_questioning/63392/

Fylypovych Ludmila, Bodak Valentina. (2014) Interreligious Dialogue as a Means of Tolerating Interfaith Relations. В Tolerance of interfaith relations as a condition for stable development of Ukraine. Zaporizhye: ZDIA. (pp. 68-72)

Fylypovych Ludmila. (2015) The relevance of inter-religious dialogue in contemporary Ukraine. To the Volyn evangelist. Theological and Historical Scientific Journal of the UPA. No. 3. (pp. 301-306)

Fylypovych Ludmila. (2017) Scientific Support for State-Confessional Relations: Experience of the Department of Religious Studies at the GS Skovoroda Institute of Philosophy, NAS of Ukraine. In the 25th Anniversary of Ukrainian Independence, what is the history of religious freedom and worldview pluralism: state institutions and religious organizations in search of models of partnership. Collection of scientific materials. K.: Spirit and Letter. (pp. 175-188)

Functionality of Religion: The Ukrainian Context. Monograph. Edited by Professors A. Kolodnyi and L. Fylypovych. (2017). (339 pages) Kiev: UAE.

Ukrainians are most trusted in the church and volunteers, and the attitude towards the government is worsening. (January 19, 2016) RISU. Retrieved from: https://risu.org.ua/en/index/all_news/community/social_questioning/62219/

Published

2020-03-31

Issue

Section

Articles