Public policy and public religion in the paradigm of religious freedom

  • Liudmyla O. Fylypovych Інститут філософії ім. Г.С. Сковороди НАНУ https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0886-3965
  • Vita Tytarenko Religious Studies Dpt. of Philosophy Institute of NASU
Keywords: public policy, public religion, religious freedom, state-church relations, interfaith interaction

Abstract

The article analyzes the connection between public policy and public religion, examines the problems and prospects of their interaction, links the expansion of religious freedom with the level and degree of this relationship.

The authors clarify the concepts of "public policy" and "public religion", which are the basic postulates of the article, that rest on the definitions given by modern domestic and foreign science.

Investigating the presence of religion in the public sphere, the authors draw on the methodology proposed by American sociologist of religion J. Casanova. He identified three forms of collective self-organization of religion:

1) institutional lobbying by religious groups;

2) the mobilization of religious groups into social movements;

3) self-organization and mobilization of religious groups into political parties.

The authors use convincing examples of the presence or the absence of publicity in the religious sphere, which has a positive or negative impact on the religious freedom in the country.

Based on the analysis of a specific socio-political situation, the authors argue that in Ukraine, especially after the Revolution of Dignity, there is a real possibility of public influence of people who unite in communities, incl. and religious ones. The right of public influence, then and now, is used by almost all religious organizations to express their attitude to politics and politicians, to the activities of state and public institutions. Going out into the public arena, churches, as a rule, describe themselves in a complimentary way, contributing to the growth of the authority of religious figures, the activation and self-organization of believers, the emergence of new forms of inter-denominational solidarity, and even ecumenical cooperation. But publicity does not only cover the positive aspects of religious organizations. Scandals, crimes, conflicts in the religious environment, becoming a public domain, exacerbate contradictions within the church structures themselves, between different denominational areas, between the church and society. The consolidating function of religion is dominant. Religious institutions as a component of civil society, on the one hand, and public policy, on the other, being attributes of a democratic state, capable of achieving sustainable development, overcoming contradictions and conflicts between different socio-political, socio-cultural and religious groups.

The authors illustrate the importance of public activity of advisory and interfaith associations at higher levels of government. There are currently 8 institutions in Ukraine, which try to overcome misunderstandings and tensions in the religious and political sphere. Within their limits, public discussions between religious organizations and the state relate to various relevant areas (introduction of military chaplaincy, organization of alternative service and pastoral care, simplification of registration of religious organizations, reforms in the field of religious education, changes to the tax code, etc.).

The dynamics of self-organization of religious groups into political parties is interesting. In Ukraine, unlike other countries, religious parties did not spread, did not become popular. Politicians are actually indifferent to a religious resource. This is evident from the article in the analysis of the election programs of the candidates of the last presidential campaign.

All these trends are confirmed by opinion polls conducted annually by the Analytic centre of O. Razumkov. The authors illustrate their theoretical conclusions with these materials, which prove that the lack of transparent public policy may carry the risks of aggravation of the socio-political situation, which is why tolerance of inter-denominational and state-church relations is so important.

The special role here belongs to religious scholars as subjects of public policy, through whom the interaction of society and the state with the religious sphere becomes more effective.

Author Biography

Liudmyla O. Fylypovych, Інститут філософії ім. Г.С. Сковороди НАНУ

Місце народження: м. Чернівці.
Науковий ступінь: доктор філософських наук.
Наукове звання: професор.

Закінчила іст. ф-т Омськ. ун-ту (Росія) (1979), асп-ру Ін-ту філософії АН УРСР (1988). Канд. дис. «Філософський аналіз православно-богословської концепції моральних якостей людини» (1989). Докт дис. «Етнологія релігії: традиція вітчизняного осмислення і теоретичне вирішення проблем співвідношення релігії та етносу» (2000). У Київ. ун-ті: 1988-2004 старш. викладач, з 1992 доц., 2002–04 професор. кафедри релігієзнавства. Викладала курси «Релігієзнавство», «Географія релігій», «Конфесійно-практичне релігієзнавство», «Нові релігійні течії», «Історія християнства». Наук. інтереси: історія реліг. і релігієзнав. думки України, історія та етнологія релігії, нові реліг. течії, релігія і релігійність в сучасн. світі, реліг. свобода, держ.-церк. відносини, релігієзнав. освіта, релігія і масмедіа. Фундатор укр. школи етнологів релігії, дослідників. Віце-президент Укр. асоціації релігієзнавців, голова Коорд. ради країн СНД і Балтії з теоретичних і практичних проблем релігієзнавства, віце-президент Укр. асоціації реліг. свободи НРТ. Автор бл. 300 праць, зокрема: Культура релігійного життя. Вибрані праці. К., 2011; Етнологія релігії: теоретичні проблеми, вітчизняна традиція осмислення. К., 2000; Нові релігійні течії в Україні. Огляд, документи, переклади. К., 2001 (у співавтор.).

References

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Tytarenko, V.V., Fylypovych, L.O. (2019). Challenges for Religion and Society in the Context of Political Public Processes. In Society, State and Church in the Spectrum of Interdisciplinary Studies: Collection of Materials of the International Scientific Practice Conference (Khmelnitsky, 2019) / ed. Zaslavskaya O.O., Posvistak O.A., Yuvsechkо Y.V. Khmelnitsky, 96-99.

Published
2019-12-10
Section
Articles