Philosophical and ideological influences on the religious beliefs of Modern times

  • Oleh Shepetyak
Keywords: Descartes, Kant, Christianity, Modern times, knowledge, morality


In the article of Oleh Shepetyak «Philosophical and ideological influences on the religious beliefs of Modern times» the main landmarks of the philosophy of René Descartes and Immanuel Kant, and their impact on Christian religious consciousness of Modern times and subsequent periods are highlighted. It is shown that the peculiarity of these thinkers’ concepts is appeal to man as a criterion, in Cartesianism person becomes a criterion of truth and in Kantianism the criterion of morality. This was a world wide revolution of Modern times which precisely due to these peculiatities paved the demarcation line between medieval scholasticism and subsequent periods.